|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|108068||161844||2015||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• Tourists to San Andres Island (SAI) expressed high willingness to pay (WTP) to conserve its beaches.
• Estimated annual consumer surplus was US $997,468, about 40% of the Seaflower marine protected area (SMPA) annual budget.
• Study results showed potential for large revenue loss (67%) for the tourism industry if beaches were not maintained.
• Over 50% of tourists would not return to SAI with loss of half the beach width; 35% of potential returnees would pay less.
• Tourist WTP and potential revenue loss to tourism industry could set up PES schemes to finance SMPA operations.
The Colombian Seaflower marine protected area (SMPA) is the largest MPA in the Caribbean. The economy of the main island, San Andres (SAI) relies on tourism. This study conducted 1793 surveys to capture information about tourists’ experience and the value they placed on SAI’s beaches. Tourists considered beaches as the main reason for choosing SAI as a destination and expressed that they would be willing to pay additional money, US$ 997,468 annually, on top of what they had already paid for their vacation to protect SAI’s beaches. The study also showed how beach erosion could negatively impact economically the tourism sector of SAI, reducing revenue by 66.6% (estimated at US$ 73 million annually). This research contributed to the first stage in the development of a payment for ecosystem services (PES) scheme to protect SAI’s beaches. The importance of beaches for SAI and the potential loss of revenue due to beach erosion create an opportunity to incentivize the private sector to invest in natural infrastructure that maintains and protects beaches. This study also informs the potential application of valuation studies for the development of innovative financing instruments, such as PES, to achieve financial sustainability for the MPA network in Colombia.
Journal: Ecosystem Services - Volume 11, February 2015, Pages 22–31