|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|108100||161853||2014||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• We apply an ecosystem services approach to environmental impact appraisal.
• A method for quantifying local-scale environmental benefits is proposed.
• A case study of a tidal barrage demonstrates successful application of the method.
• Challenges remain in quantifying cultural benefits and with issues of scale.
• Extending the method to include indicators for underlying services is desirable.
Local-scale planning decisions are required by the existing Environmental Impact Assessment process to take account of the implications of a development on a range of environmental and social factors, and could therefore be supported by an ecosystem services approach. However, empirical assessments at a local scale within the marine environment have focused on only a single or limited set of services. This paper tests the applicability of the ecosystem services approach to environmental impact appraisal by considering how the identification and quantification of a comprehensive suite of benefits provided at a local scale might proceed in practice. A methodology for conducting an Environmental Benefits Assessment (EBA) is proposed, the underlying framework for which follows the recent literature by placing the emphasis on ecosystem benefits, as opposed to services. The EBA methodology also proposes metrics that can be quantified at local scale, and is tested using a case study of a hypothetical tidal barrage development in the Taw Torridge estuary in North Devon, UK. By suggesting some practical steps for assessing environmental benefits, this study aims to stimulate discussion and so advance the development of methods for implementing ecosystem service approaches at a local scale.
Journal: Ecosystem Services - Volume 8, June 2014, Pages 65–74