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• Ionic conductivity of Li1.5PS3.3 is increased by addition of LiI.
• The positive electrode included two SEs that have different functions.
• Improving sulfur reactivity and ionic conductivity using two kinds of SEs.
• The cell using the positive electrode was estimated to be 540 W h kg−1 at cell level.
All-solid-state lithium–sulfur batteries are expected to be valuable next generation batteries. To improve the performance of all-solid-state lithium–sulfur batteries, it is essential to raise both the reactivity of sulfur and the ionic conductivity of the positive composite electrode. For achieving this, we investigate a positive composite electrode prepared using P2S5 and a solid electrolyte with a high ionic conductivity. As a result, we have found that the lithium–sulfur cell exhibits a relatively low activation energy together with high ionic conductivity. The positive composite electrode exhibits an extremely high capacity of 1550 mA h g−1 (sulfur) at 1.3 mA cm−2 and 25 °C. Moreover, when using the positive electrode, the energy densities at the cell level (18650) are 540 W h kg−1 and 990 W h L−1, estimated from the equivalent structure of a current lithium-ion battery.
Journal: Journal of Power Sources - Volume 329, 15 October 2016, Pages 268–272