کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
1885728 1533494 2017 6 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Determination of effective atomic numbers, effective electrons numbers, total atomic cross-sections and buildup factor of some compounds for different radiation sources
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
تعیین اعداد موثر اتمی، تعداد الکترونهای موثر، مقاطع اتمی و فاکتور انباشت برخی ترکیبات برای منابع مختلف تابش
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کلمات کلیدی
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه فیزیک و نجوم تشعشع
چکیده انگلیسی


• The photon interaction parameters have been measured for some chemical compounds.
• The effective atomic numbers (Zeff) depends on the range of atomic numbers of elements in the compound.
• The buildup factor increased with the increasing collimator diameter.
• The effective atomic numbers (Zeff) value depends on the photon energy and buildup factor.

The photon interaction parameters such as mass attenuation coefficient, effective atomic number, effective electron density, buildup factor have been measured for Fe(NO3)3, V4O2, NaCO3·H2O, C6H5FeO7·H2O and CuCI compounds using 137Ba, 157Gd and 241Am γ-rays sources in stable geometry. The mass attenuation coefficients have been determined experimentally via Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy (EDXRF) system and theoretically by using WinXCom computer program. Then, effective atomic numbers, Zeff, and electron densities, Neff, have been calculated by using the mass attenuation coefficients. The obtained values of effective atomic numbers have been compared with the ones calculated according to a different approach proposed by Hine and the calculated ones from theory. Also, photon buildup factors were obtained by changing collimator diameters in the different photon energies. We observed that the buildup factor increased as the collimator diameter increased for all sources used.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Radiation Physics and Chemistry - Volume 130, January 2017, Pages 171–176
نویسندگان
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