کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
2024327 1542587 2016 10 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Temperature the dominant control on the enzyme-latch across a range of temperate peatland types
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
دمای کنترل غالب بر آنزیم لچ در طیف وسیعی از انواع توده های معتدل
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کلمات کلیدی
لنز آنزیم، بوته ها، اکسیداز فنل، هیدرولاس، فنلیک، فصل،
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم کشاورزی و بیولوژیک دانش خاک شناسی
چکیده انگلیسی
The large accumulation of carbon in peatlands arises from slow organic matter decomposition where microorganisms and their enzyme activities play a critical role. However, there is a dearth of studies on the natural patterns of peatland microbial enzyme activity and inhibitory phenolic compounds over seasons, and across a range of depths and biogeochemically different peatland types. We report the spatiotemporal patterns for phenol oxidases, phenolics, and a suite of five key hydrolase enzymes at two depths in two ombrotrophic bogs, mineral poor and rich fens, and a forested basin swamp over the growing season. Results obtained using linear fixed and mixed effect models suggest that phenol oxidase activity varies significantly with temperature and, to a lesser extent pH, leading to a breakdown of inhibitory phenolics and increased hydrolase enzyme activity across all peatland types. Overall, enzyme activity decreased significantly with depth and showed significant variation over the course of the growing season with a minimum in the spring and a maximum in the summer and fall. Enzyme activities were generally greatest in the rich fen and lowest in the forested basin swamp with no significant difference between bogs and poor fens. Site-specific factors such as nutrient availability explain deviations from these patterns. Our results illustrate the widespread but conditional applicability of the enzyme-latch mechanism to peatlands and the vulnerability of the peatland soil organic carbon stock to climate warming.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Soil Biology and Biochemistry - Volume 97, June 2016, Pages 121-130
نویسندگان
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