|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|214745||1425932||2016||15 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
The use of passive systems for climate control in providing indoor thermal comfort minimizes global trends in increasing the energy demand for active systems of climate control which has unacceptable negative impacts on the natural environment. This concept is ignored for designing of contemporary buildings which care less about the environmental impacts. The main objective of this study is to investigate the concept of the traditional central courtyard as a passive cooling strategy for improving indoor thermal comfort in the BS climate of Iran. An empirical field study was conducted to analyze three important courtyard design variants including orientation, dimensions and proportions, as well as opaque (walls) and transparent surfaces (windows), in fourteen valuable traditional houses in five ancient cities located in the BS climate of Iran. Results of this quantitative study, show that Iranian traditional central courtyards were designed based on a careful attention to orientation and geometrical properties regarding the physical and natural parameters to act as an effective passive cooling system. In conclusion, all data sets were integrated to propose a physical–environmental design model for central courtyards as a useful passive strategy which can be generalized for the wider use of environmentally sustainable design principles in future practice concerning courtyards for buildings in BS climate.
Journal: International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment - Volume 5, Issue 1, June 2016, Pages 99–113