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ObjectiveWe conducted a systematic review of randomized controlled trials assessing the clinical results of fast track protocol (FTP) and standard care (SC) in patients undergoing elective open colorectal resection using meta-analysis.MethodA literature search for electronic databases and references for eligible studies was conducted through Medline, Embase and Cochrane library between 1966 and 2013.ResultA total of 9 randomized controlled trials (n = 947 patients) were included. From the pooled results, we obtained: FTP showed significantly better results compared to SC in terms of postoperative complications, total hospital stay as well as time for flatus, defecation, and soft diet. However, no difference in the incidence of readmission was observed. Postoperative rate of death within 4 weeks did not differ significantly between two groups.ConclusionThe current evidence of this meta-analysis suggested that fast track protocol after colorectal surgery pathways might be able to reduce postoperative complication rates, length of hospital stay as well as time for gut function recovery without affecting readmission rate or mortality compared to standard care.
Journal: Applied Nursing Research - Volume 27, Issue 4, November 2014, Pages e20–e26