کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
2655779 1563968 2014 14 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Staff characteristics and care in Chinese nursing homes: A systematic literature review
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
ویژگی های کارکنان و مراقبت در خانه های پرستاری چینی: یک بررسی ادبی سیستماتیک
کلمات کلیدی
چین؛ خانه های سالمندان؛ مراقبت از رزیدنت؛ توسعه نیروی کار
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم پزشکی و سلامت پرستاری و مشاغل بهداشتی پرستاری
چکیده انگلیسی

The need for institutional long-term care (LTC) services, including nursing homes (NHs), is increasing in Mainland China in part due to the aging population and changing family structures. In developing NH staff training programs, a review is needed to synthesize knowledge about staff and resident characteristics, and care provided in NHs. This systematic review aims to describe, in Chinese NHs, 1) NH staff characteristics and the care they provide, 2) resident characteristics and care needs, and 3) the role of family members. The 45 articles included in this review covered both urban and rural areas of Mainland China. We found that staff in Chinese NHs were older and had lower education levels in comparison with those in western countries. Most direct caregivers in urban areas were migratory workers from rural area. Chinese NHs had few qualification standards for staff preparation for their roles in NHs. Also, functional levels of residents in Chinese NHs were higher compared to NH residents in western countries. In addition, family members played important roles in caring for NH residents. These findings suggest a need for staff development programs that tailor for lower educated NH staff and care needs of residents with widely varying levels in function from independent to bedbound in Mainland China. The findings also suggest that staff qualification standards require critically policy development to improve the capacity of Chinese NHs to provide competent and safe care.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: International Journal of Nursing Sciences - Volume 1, Issue 4, December 2014, Pages 423–436
نویسندگان
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