کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
2656689 1564039 2016 10 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Location of School Lunch Salad Bars and Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Middle Schools: A Cross-Sectional Plate Waste Study
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
محل سالاد ناهار و مصرف مواد مغذی و میوه در مدارس راهنمایی: یک مطالعه مقطعی پلیت زباله
کلمات کلیدی
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم کشاورزی و بیولوژیک دانش تغذیه
چکیده انگلیسی

BackgroundThe school lunch environment is a prime target for increasing a child’s consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables (F/V). Salad bars are heavily encouraged in schools; however, more research is needed to examine the contexts in which salad bars promote consumption of F/V among students.ObjectiveTo compare the amount of fresh F/V self-served, consumed, and wasted by students during lunch at schools with differing salad bar placement: inside or outside of the serving line.DesignCross-sectional plate waste study in which salad bar placement differed between schools.Participants/settingA random sample of middle school students (N=533) from six schools (three schools per district).Main outcome measuresAmount of fresh F/V taken, consumed, and wasted.Statistical analysesNegative binomial multivariable regression examined placement of salad bars, adjusting for sex, grade, race/ethnicity, free/reduced status, day of the week, and nesting of students within schools.ResultsAlmost all students (98.6%) in the schools with salad bars inside serving lines self-served F/V compared with only 22.6% of students in the schools with salad bars outside lines (adjusted prevalence ratio=5.38; 95% CI 4.04 to 7.17). Similarly, students at schools with salad bars inside the line had greater prevalence of consuming any F/V compared with students in schools with salad bars outside the line (adjusted prevalence ratio=4.83; 95% CI 3.40 to 6.81). On average, students with the salad bar outside the line wasted less F/V compared with those with salad bars inside the line (30% vs 48%, respectively).ConclusionsFew students visited salad bars located outside the lunch line. Salad bars inside the lunch line resulted in significantly greater fresh F/V taken, consumed, and wasted. When possible, schools should try to include salad bars inside the line to increase students’ exposure to F/V.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics - Volume 116, Issue 3, March 2016, Pages 407–416
نویسندگان
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