کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
2663738 1564344 2015 7 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Increasing Autism Awareness in Inner-City Churches: A Brief Report 12
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
افزایش آگاهی اوتیسم در کلیساهای داخلی شهر: یک گزارش مختصر
کلمات کلیدی
اوتیسم؛ آگاهی اوتیسم؛ شناسایی اولیه؛ کلیساها
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم پزشکی و سلامت پزشکی و دندانپزشکی پریناتولوژی (پزشکی مادر و جنین)، طب اطفال و بهداشت کودک
چکیده انگلیسی


• African-Americans diagnosed with ASD average 2 years later than other children
• There is a low rate of screening for ASD by physicians
• Training community members supplements screening performed by healthcare providers
• Knowledge-based education alone does not increase autism awareness
• Training focusing on improving self efficacy may improve referral for ASD screening

Autism diagnosis rates trail significantly in the African American community. This pre-test post-test pilot study evaluated an African American inner-city church health ambassadors (HAs) autism spectrum disorder (ASD) awareness training session. The participants included 12 HAs who attended the 1 hour training session organized by the National Baptist Convention, USA, Inc. Results of surveys showed higher mean scores post training for (1) HA attitudes about the potential for children to improve with applied behavior analysis therapy; (2) HA self-efficacy for having information about ASD screening materials; (3) strategies HAs could use to help parents/caregivers of children with developmental delays and challenging behaviors; (4) HA confidence in referrals for children with signs of ASD; (5) HA knowledge of measures to take to maximize a child's chance of receiving an ASD evaluation; and (6) HA comfort for talking to parents about children with challenging behaviors. Several of these effects were maintained 3 months later. Findings underscore the usefulness of the intervention for increasing the dissemination of knowledge about ASD and the opportunity to positively affect ASD screening, early intervention, and policy standards applicable to this vulnerable population.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - Volume 30, Issue 6, November–December 2015, Pages e63–e69
نویسندگان
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