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• Prevalence of ST131 was similar among ESBL-positive and ESBL-negative isolates.
• ESBL-positive, ST131 isolates largely had CTX-M-1-group ESBLs, including CTX-M-15.
• Variation in the resistance phenotype within the ST131 group can be identified by CH-types.
A high proportion of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producing Escherichia coli are of the ST131 lineage, but there are few estimates of ST131 prevalence among ESBL-negative E. coli. Without this information, it is difficult to evaluate the contribution of the ST131 lineage to the emergence and spread of ESBL E. coli. A total of 1658 E. coli isolates were collected at Gachon University Gil Medical Center in Korea from 2006 to 2008. The antibiotic resistance profile was determined for all isolates, and ESBL-positive isolates were screened for the presence of CTX-M-type ESBLs. All ESBL-positive (n = 84) and a representative sample of ESBL-negative (n = 100) isolates were screened for O25b-ST131 using a PCR-based assay. The isolates were further classified on the basis of fumC and fimH types, which allowed for a comparison of the two typing methods. 5.7% of isolates were ESBL-positive, 87% of which contained CTX-M-type ESBLs. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of ST131 between ESBL-positive and -negative groups; 14% of ESBL-positive isolates and 9% of tested ESBL-negative isolates were ST131 by CH-typing. ST131-positive isolates harbored CTX-M-1-group ESBLs (including CTX-M-15) more frequently than other CTX-M types, and exhibited greater levels of antibiotic resistance than non-ST131 isolates. Furthermore, a number of isolates identified as O25b-ST131 by PCR corresponded to non-ST131 sequence types by CH-typing, emphasizing the need to consider the testing method when comparing reported prevalences of ST131.
Journal: Infection, Genetics and Evolution - Volume 41, July 2016, Pages 292–295