کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
2842997 1571106 2014 8 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Does temperature modify slow and fast development in two aphidophagous ladybirds?
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
آیا دمای تغییرات آهسته و سریع در دو لیدی باردار آفتابگردان تغییر می کند؟
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کلمات کلیدی
طول دوره رشد، نسبت رشد، رابطه زن نسبت جنسی، جرم بدن، باروری زنده ماندن تخم مرغ
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم کشاورزی و بیولوژیک علوم کشاورزی و بیولوژیک (عمومی)
چکیده انگلیسی


• Slow and fast developing sub-populations with bimodal distribution were observed in egg cohorts of two ladybirds at five temperatures.
• The ratio of slow:fast developers differed significantly with temperatures indicating significant environmental regulation and not just genetic influence.
• Slow developers were more (15 and 20 °C), almost equal (25 °C) and less than fast developers (30 and 35 °C).
• Slow developers showed a female biased sex ratio and low body mass.
• Fast developers were more fecund than slow developers.

Development within a population is known to vary with abiotic and biotic factors. However, instances of slow and fast development, i.e. different development rates within the same egg batch or cohort, have not yet been rigorously investigated in many organisms. The present study was undertaken to assess the influence of an exogenous cue, temperature (15, 20, 25, 30 and 35 °C), on slow and fast development and its effect on reproductive attributes in two ladybird species, Menochilus sexmaculatus (Fabricius) and Propylea dissecta (Mulsant) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). A clear bimodal pattern of distribution with two peaks was found at each temperature where the first peak represented the fast developers and the second peak slow developers. Variation in ratio and development of slow and fast developers within a cohort at different temperatures was observed to ascertain whether the phenomenon has a purely genetic basis or is environmentally influenced. The ratio of slow and fast developers in a cohort differed with temperature but not with species. Slow developers showed a female biased sex ratio and low body mass. Fast developing females laid higher numbers of eggs with higher egg viability than slow developing ones. More slow developers were found at low temperature (15 and 20 °C), equal numbers at medium temperature (25 °C) and less at higher temperature (30 and 35 °C). Results of the study are indicative of stability of the slow and fast development in the egg batch and the likelihood that the variation observed at emergence was owing to exogenous cues influenced differential rates of mortality.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Journal of Thermal Biology - Volume 39, January 2014, Pages 24–31
نویسندگان
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