کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
2910913 1575314 2013 9 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
The effect of cholinesterase inhibition on liver dysfunction in experimental acute liver failure
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موضوعات مرتبط
علوم پزشکی و سلامت پزشکی و دندانپزشکی کاردیولوژی و پزشکی قلب و عروق
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
The effect of cholinesterase inhibition on liver dysfunction in experimental acute liver failure
چکیده انگلیسی

IntroductionAcute liver failure (ALF), like sepsis, is associated with an overwhelming activation of the immune response in which hepatic and circulating inflammatory cytokines play a pivotal role. Cholinesterase inhibition has been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties in experimental sepsis. We investigated the role of neostigmine in attenuating d-galactosamine (d-GalN)-induced ALF.MethodsThirty-six female wistar rats were randomly allocated to three groups: a control group, a d-GalN group receiving a single i.p. injection of d-galactosamine (400 mg kg−1 BW) and a neostigmine-treated d-GalN group receiving a single i.p. injection of d-galactosamine followed 24 h later by i.p. injection of neostigmine methylsulfate 0.25% (80 μg kg−1 BW) three times daily for 3 successive days. Rats were sacrificed 24 h after the last injection. Plasma levels of liver transaminases, total proteins, albumin, prothrombin, total bilirubin and hepatic levels of superoxide dismutase and malondialdehyde were measured. Liver expression of cytokines (HMGB-1, TNF-α and IL-10) and histopathology were evaluated.ResultsNeostigmine attenuated liver dysfunction and improved liver synthetic and excretory functions, reduced proinflammatory cytokine HMGB1 (95% CI 0.33–1.09) and TNF-α (95% CI 1.26–2.06) expression compared to d-GalN group (95% CI 2.67–4.73 and 7.33–14.53, respectively, P < 0.001) and increased expression of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 in liver tissue (95% CI 2.49–4.17 vs 0.04–0.21 in d-GalN group, P < 0.001). Neostigmine also significantly increased antioxidant level, and decreased oxidative burden caused by d-GaIN.ConclusionNeostigmine improved liver function in a rat ALF model through an anti-inflammatory activity.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: The Egyptian Journal of Critical Care Medicine - Volume 1, Issue 2, April 2013, Pages 51–59
نویسندگان
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