کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
310369 533081 2016 25 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Influence of composition, amount and life span of passenger cars on end-of-life vehicles waste in Belgium: A system dynamics approach
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
تاثیر ترکیب، مقدار و طول عمر اتومبیل های سواری بر اتلاف پایان عمر وسایل نقلیه در بلژیک: یک رویکرد پویایی سیستم
دانلود مقاله + سفارش ترجمه
دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی
رایگان برای ایرانیان
سفارش ترجمه تخصصی
با تضمین قیمت و کیفیت
کلمات کلیدی
مدیریت مواد زائد؛ پایان عمر وسایل نقلیه. مطالعه موردی بلژیک؛ پایداری؛ مدل سازی دینامیک سیستم
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه سایر رشته های مهندسی مهندسی عمران و سازه
چکیده انگلیسی


• Support policy making on end-of-life vehicle (ELV) of passenger cars.
• Study impact of changing amount, composition and life span of Belgian passenger cars.
• Analyse their effect on ELV performance; system dynamics is used as tool for analysis.
• Assessment of the Belgian policies for attaining the ELV Directive targets in 2015.
• Suggest policy recommendations for better ELV performance.

The increasing worldwide production of passenger cars depletes natural resources and increases the number of end-of-life vehicles (ELVs) to be processed. Lack of landfill capacity and a growing scarcity of natural resources have lead to severe ELV reuse and recovery targets in the European Union (EU). This paper examines the main influencing parameters affecting the amount and composition of ELV waste originating from passenger cars to be treated in Authorized Treatment Facilities (ATFs). Moreover the effect of a changing number, composition and life span of passenger cars on the ability to meet the ambitious EU ELV Directive 2000/53/EC targets in 2015 is examined for Belgium. Using system dynamics, the aforementioned changing parameters are studied from 1990 and projected to 2030. The model results show that the total annual weight of ELV waste to be reused and recycled in Belgium is expected to grow over the coming years despite the economic downturn of 2008 and its effect on GDP growth. Moreover it shows that Belgium can sustainably achieve the ambitious EU ELV Directive 2000/53/EC targets in 2015 and thereafter if it continues to invest in waste treatment of ELV plastics. The availability of higher amounts of ELV plastics proves to be favourable to trigger investments in their reusing and recycling. We demonstrate that this can be realized by reducing export of discarded passenger cars, shortening the life span of passenger cars or shortening the time for investing in additional plastic recovery.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice - Volume 91, September 2016, Pages 80–104
نویسندگان
, , , ,
دانلود مقاله + سفارش ترجمه
دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی
رایگان برای ایرانیان
سفارش ترجمه تخصصی
با تضمین قیمت و کیفیت