کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
4391739 1618122 2015 11 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Enhancing prediction accuracy of soil respiration in an apple orchard by integrating photosynthetic activity into a temperature-related model
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
افزایش دقت پیش بینی تنفس خاک در باغ سیب با تلفیق فعالیت فتوسنتزی به یک مدل مربوط به دما
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کلمات کلیدی
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم کشاورزی و بیولوژیک دانش خاک شناسی
چکیده انگلیسی


• We related temperature and photosynthesis to soil respiration in an orchard.
• Temperature alone explained less than 50 % of annual respiration variability.
• Photosynthesis and root respiration were correlated at daily scale.
• Root respiration proportion increases with photosynthesis and temperature.
• Including photosynthesis and temperature improves the model-predicting power.

Temperature is often used as the primary driver to model soil respiration (RS) and several models based only on temperature have been used to estimate it, with a variable degree of accuracy. An adequate availability of photosynthates translocated from the canopy also affects root respiration (RR) and therefore RS. In this work, carried out in an apple orchard for three years, we assessed the role of temperature to RS and its autotrophic (RR) and heterotrophic (RH) components. We also determined the variation over the season of RS at a reference temperature and related it to concurrent data of gross primary productivity at ecosystem level (GPP), light (PPFD), air temperature (Tair), orchard net primary productivity (NPP) and root growth rate. Several of these factors were then incorporated into a model to estimate RS. Data showed that temperature alone explained less than 50 % of RS variability at yearly scale. GPP, NPP, PPFD and Tair were correlated to RS at a reference temperature. The contribution of root respiration to RS increased with increasing photosynthetic activity, total tree and root growth, PPFD and Tair. On a diurnal scale, the time lag between the pattern of GPP and the pattern of RR was between 2.5 and 3 h during the growing season, decreasing to 1.5 after fruit harvest. Including GPP, NPP, PPFD and Tair to a temperature-based model improved its predicting power of RS. The results confirm the existence of a tight coupling between plant metabolism and root-derived soil respiration in the apple orchard.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: European Journal of Soil Biology - Volume 70, September–October 2015, Pages 77–87
نویسندگان
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