|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|4914583||1427345||2018||7 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
- Simultaneous CO2 sorption and swelling of elastomers using high pressure FTIR microscopy.
- Investigation of seven elastomers for TÂ =Â 50 to 110Â Â°C from PÂ =Â 5 to 15Â MPa.
- All the elastomers displays a significant level of CO2 sorption about 20% at PÂ =Â 15Â MPa.
- The resulting swelling is linearly correlated to the CO2 sorption.
- Weak dependence of swelling and CO2 sorption upon temperature variation.
An FTIR (Fourier Transform InfraRed) microscope combined to a high pressure cell has been used to determine the CO2 uptake in several common elastomers. Both the CO2 sorption and the resulting swelling of the elastomers have been determined as function of pressure (PÂ =Â 5-15Â MPa) at constant temperature (TÂ =Â 50Â Â°C). A significant quantity of CO2 is sorbed in all studied elastomers, between 15 and 20% at TÂ =Â 50Â Â°C and PÂ =Â 15Â MPa for most elastomers and up to 30% for Ethylene Vinylacetate (EVM) in the same conditions. The resulting percentage of swelling of the majority of studied elastomers is significant (up to 30%), and varies quite proportionally with the CO2 mass uptake (linear variation with a slope equal to 1). The effect of temperature has been studied for Ethylene Propylene Diene (EPDM), between TÂ =Â 50Â Â°C and TÂ =Â 110Â Â°C (PÂ =Â 5-15Â MPa) and demonstrate that the swelling and CO2 sorption display only a weak variation in this temperature range.
Journal: The Journal of Supercritical Fluids - Volume 131, January 2018, Pages 150-156