کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5012840 1462820 2017 15 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
In-situ alkaline transesterification of castor seeds: Optimization and engine performance, combustion and emission characteristics of blends
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
ترشح اکسیداسیون قلیایی بذر کاستور در محل: بهینه سازی و عملکرد موتور، احتراق و ویژگی های انتشار ترکیب
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موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی انرژی انرژی (عمومی)
چکیده انگلیسی
An optimization of methyl esters synthesis from castor seed by using three-level-four factor central composite design (CCD) was carried out. The biodiesel was produced by in situ alkali-catalyzed transesterification process. Influence of four variables, such as reaction time, oil to methanol molar ratio, catalyst concentration and reaction temperature on maximum methyl ester conversion has been optimized. From RSM study, the optimal conditions inferred were 3 h, 1:200 molar ratio, 1.19 wt.% catalyst and 30 °C. Under this optimal condition, the methyl ester conversion could reach as high as 97% ± 0.4% with higher desirability of 0.99. The estimated fuel properties of diesel, COME and its blends with diesel (COME5, COME10 and COME15) revealed that blending decreases density and viscosity and also reaches to diesel value, but showed insignificant effect on other fuel properties. Engine performance tests have been carried out for diesel and blends of COME with diesel. Among three blends, B10 gave best brake thermal efficiency of engine at maximum load. The ignition delays calculated for standard diesel, B5, B10 and B15 fuels were 16, 14, 14 and 14°CA, respectively. The exhaust gas emission was found with reduction in CO (26-36%), NOx (14-20%) and HC (17.5-50%) gases with increase of COME blending percentage compared to conventional diesel.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Energy Conversion and Management - Volume 142, 15 June 2017, Pages 200-214
نویسندگان
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