|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5050006||1476392||2013||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
We explore two methods of incorporating bottom-up abatement cost estimates into top-down modeling: an economy-wide method and a sector-specific method. Carbon emissions generally depend on technology and scale. Given the technology options, abatement is possible without a substantial reduction in scale. Otherwise the change must come purely through a reduction in demand. Our analysis shows that the cost of environmental policy is considerably overestimated by top-down models if a bottom-up abatement cost curve is not included. Using the data for the Swiss economy, we demonstrate two techniques of representing an abatement function explicitly in a computable general equilibrium model: a traditional and a hybrid (discrete technology modeling) approach. The results suggest that the current climate policy in Switzerland will not be able to move the economy towards the required 10% CO2 reduction. Both approaches provide virtually the same results when the calibration process is precisely executed, which contradicts the results of previous studies.
âº The previous analysis of national climate policies shows the upper bound of costs. âº We integrate abatement technologies with top-down modeling. âº The hybrid and the traditional CGE modeling provide similar results. âº Large number of technological options to abate does not make the hybrid approach useless.
Journal: Ecological Economics - Volume 87, March 2013, Pages 62-71