|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5744220||1618112||2017||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
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- Effect of long-term drainage on whole-peat profile microbial community studied.
- Viable microbes in deepest and very old peat layers.
- Microbial biomass and structure altered in deepest peat layers by Long-term changed hydrology.
- Drainage and depth gradient effect varied among microbial groups and between peatland types.
- Changes in biotic and abiotic factors due to drying very important.
We examined the effects of long-term (51 years) drainage on peat microbial communities using phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) analysis. We analysed the peat profiles of natural and adjacent drained fen and bog sites. Viable microbes (i.e. microbial PLFA) were present in relatively large amounts even in the deepest peat layers of both peatland sites, a finding that warrants further investigation. Microbial biomass was generally higher in the fen than in the bog. Microbial community structure (indexed from PLFA) differed between the fen and bog sites and among depths. Although we did not exclude other factors, the effect of drainage on the total microbial biomass and community structure was not limited to the surface layers, but extended to the deepest layers of the fen and bog. Long-term drainage increased the total microbial PLFA biomass in the surface, subsurface and bottom layers of the fen, but decreased it in the surface and bottom layers of the bog site. Drainage also increased the characteristic FAs of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria in the surface and subsurface layers of the fen, and decreased them in the bottom layers of the bog site. The characteristic fungal FA was only reduced in the surface layers of the bog site by drainage. Thus, by affecting the microbial community beyond the surface layers, long-term peatland water-level draw-down can alter the microbial contribution to deeper peat organic matter stabilization. This suggests that long-term drainage may have a more significant climate change effect than revealed by the surface layer analyses alone.
Journal: European Journal of Soil Biology - Volume 80, MayâJune 2017, Pages 59-68