|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|83118||158687||2016||14 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
• Historical forest cover and disturbances have substantial impacts on current C stocks.
• Remotely sensed forest height can be a valuable tool in assessing productivity.
• Forest management decisions have long lasting consequences for carbon stock recovery.
Reservoir creation, a prevalent mechanism for deforestation, coupled with persistent harvest activity, can significantly affect the carbon (C) budget of a landscape. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of successive reservoir expansion and forest harvest events over a 100-year period on a watershed-scale terrestrial C budget. Using a spatially-explicit version the Carbon Budget Model of the Canadian Forest Sector 3 (CBM-CFS3), and a compiled forest cover disturbance geodatabase, C stocks and stock changes were analysed for the Sooke Lake watershed near Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Over the study period, of the 7943 ha of forest modeled, 2430 ha was cut and replanted and 640 ha deforested. In 1910 the watershed was dominated by mature/old Douglas-fir forests with average aboveground biomass of 258 Mg C ha−1 across the watershed. Deforestation occurred as a result of reservoir expansion between 1911 and 1915. The effect of deforestation as well as fires and localized, intensive harvest from 1920 to 1940 on what were private forestlands in the north and south east of the watershed, reduced aboveground biomass to an average of 189 Mg C ha−1. Distributed harvesting between 1954 and 1998 and two additional reservoir expansions resulted in a study-period minimum aboveground biomass value of 148.7 Mg C ha−1 in 1991. By 2012 aboveground biomass had begun to recover (177.9 Mg C ha−1). Even though land clearing for reservoir expansion had occurred again in 2002, cessation of logging activities since the mid-1990s has resulted in a recovery of aboveground C stocks. Yet, total ecosystem C stocks will not reach pre-disturbance levels until 2074 given current management practices. This research highlights the long-term implications of past management practices on future C stock recovery. Conclusions drawn from the retrospective C budget could apply to other landscapes that have undergone similar recursive deforestation events paralleled by forest harvest disturbances.
Journal: Applied Geography - Volume 74, September 2016, Pages 109–122