|نسخه تمام متن
|4 صفحه PDF
Accurate in vivo measurements methods of wear in total knee arthroplasty are required for a timely detection of excessive wear and to assess new implant designs. Component separation measurements based on model-based Roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis (RSA), in which 3-dimensional reconstruction methods are used, have shown promising results, yet the robustness of these measurements is unknown. In this study, the accuracy and robustness of this measurement for clinical usage was assessed. The validation experiments were conducted in an RSA setup with a phantom setup of a knee in a vertical orientation. 72 RSA images were created using different variables for knee orientations, two prosthesis types (fixed-bearing Duracon knee and fixed-bearing Triathlon knee) and accuracies of the reconstruction models. The measurement error was determined for absolute and relative measurements and the effect of knee positioning and true seperation distance was determined. The measurement method overestimated the separation distance with 0.1 mm on average. The precision of the method was 0.10 mm (2⁎SD) for the Duracon prosthesis and 0.20 mm for the Triathlon prosthesis. A slight difference in error was found between the measurements with 0° and 10° anterior tilt. (difference=0.08 mm, p=0.04). The accuracy of 0.1 mm and precision of 0.2 mm can be achieved for linear wear measurements based on model-based RSA, which is more than adequate for clinical applications. The measurement is robust in clinical settings. Although anterior tilt seems to influence the measurement, the size of this influence is low and clinically irrelevant.
Journal: Journal of Biomechanics - Volume 44, Issue 15, 13 October 2011, Pages 2724–2727