کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
93088 160112 2013 12 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Adapting governance for coastal change in Portugal
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
تطبیق حاکمیت برای تغییر ساحل در پرتغال
کلمات کلیدی
حاکمیت ساحلی تطبیقی؛ تغییر ساحلی در پرتغال؛ آینده ی ساحلی پایدار؛ سازگاری پیشرفته تغییر آب و هوا؛ فرسایش ساحلی
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم کشاورزی و بیولوژیک جنگلداری
چکیده انگلیسی

In many countries, but particularly in Portugal, coastal conditions are already endangered by flooding and erosion, both likely to increase as a result of climate change. This daunting prospect raises critical questions of sustainability; social justice; genuine public participation and social learning; effective financing for long term social and economic benefit; connected polycentric governance; and the appropriate use of scientific knowledge bonded to public and political trust. While the development of most shorelines is nominally shaped by public administrative action, rapid coastal migration and excessive economic concentration have turned many threatened coastlines into a stage for settlement hazard and institutional chaos. In Portugal, despite clear evidence of increasing flooding and erosion, appropriate management responses are proving inadequate, both in the turbulent planning framework and in the scarce financial provision for future safeguard. The only plausible alternatives seem to lie in the processes of progressive adaptive governance, involving the trust and full participation of local communities; strongly supported scientific assessments of threat and safety; and fresh approaches to finding suitable funding sources. However, as evident from interviews with key actors in coastal planning in Portugal, the lack of policy clarity and political will, the weak science and poor coordination of stakeholders, combined with the particular regenerating coastal cultures of these communities, make any organised adaptive approaches highly problematic. This consequently places more emphasis on the rich cultural meanings of coastal occupation; of national identity in a time of economic crisis; of social justice in a period of reduced coastal maintenance funding; and of a more measured and sequential approach to an adaptive coastal governance.


► Portuguese coast is critically affected by coastal erosion and climate change.
► It faces a lack of funds for coastal defence, which raises social justice issues.
► Sustainable coastal futures lies in progressive adaptation and innovative strategies.
► Interviews with policy makers reveal how difficult this adaptation process will be.
► Coastal cultures have to be taken into account in consensus building.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Land Use Policy - Volume 31, March 2013, Pages 314–325
نویسندگان
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