کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
93100 160112 2013 11 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Securing rural land transactions in Africa. An Ivorian perspective
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
تأمین مبادلات زمین روستایی در آفریقا. چشم انداز آئورین
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تولید محتوا
با 10 درصد تخفیف ویژه دانشیاری
کلمات کلیدی
ساحل عاج؛ اختلافات زمینی؛ معاملات زمینی؛ رسمی قرارداد؛ ثبت ضوابط؛ ثبت نام حقوق
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم کشاورزی و بیولوژیک جنگلداری
چکیده انگلیسی

A good deal of research has highlighted the surge and development of rural land sales and tenancy contracts in West Africa. However, the commoditization of land, especially through sales, does not appear to be obvious, as land transactions appear to be a major source of tenure insecurity and land conflicts. This issue is linked with the broader issue of identification and recognition of both the land rights that are being transferred and people holding them. This article deals with tensions and conflicts in land transactions in Côte d’Ivoire and discusses how these transactions might be secured in a context where most transactions occur outside the legal framework. The 1998 Law aims to organise a rapid transition towards private property rights through a nationwide certification and titling program. Due to the socio-political situation, it was only in 2010 that the first certificates were issued and even independently of current political turmoil, there are grounds for doubting the effective implementation of the law. The objective of this article is to consider the issue of securing land transactions in the pre-certification/titling context, drawing from the author's intensive field research on land transactions in Côte d’Ivoire. A first section describes the main types of rural land transactions in Côte d’Ivoire. The second section outlines the sources of tensions and conflicts arising from these transactions. The third section assesses the practices that have emerged spontaneously in rural areas to secure transactions. The fourth section considers the needs and conditions for a public intervention regarding the security of land transactions.


► This Ivorian case offers the opportunity to contribute to a major discussion of land policy orientation: securing land rights through deeds recording versus rights registration.
► Land transactions in Côte d’Ivoire mostly involve autochthonous landholders and ‘stranger’ takers. Land transactions are a major source of tenure insecurity and ethicized land conflicts. Conflicts over transactions stem from uncertainty about land rights and contractual incompleteness.
► Actors acknowledge the limits of “informal” practices to secure land transactions and call for public intervention to secure land transactions.
► Formal recognition of rights and right holders before transactions would avoid many disputes, but land certification will be a long and difficult task.
► In the current tense local socio-political contexts, relying on local institutions to secure land transactions would not be the solution. Therefore, there is a need for public intervention to secure land transactions through contract formalisation and validation, even in pre-certification situations.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Land Use Policy - Volume 31, March 2013, Pages 430–440
نویسندگان
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