|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|93108||160112||2013||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
Given the importance of the agricultural frontier as an engine of deforestation, this paper focuses on how colonists (from the Spanish word for “colonists” that is used to describe migrants to the agricultural frontier), who are important and largely overlooked stakeholders, perceive the new climate mitigation mechanism known as Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation in developing countries (REDD+). We aimed (1) to document colonists’ land use, perceptions, needs, and aspirations and (2) to understand if and how they could be taken into account under REDD+ policies. The study, including multiple data collection techniques (e.g., focus group, interviews, and participatory activities), was conducted in eastern Panama. Three areas that were adjacent to the Province of Darien border were chosen because of their similar forested landscapes and varying accessibility to a main road. Our results suggest that land use preferences, culture, forest scarcity and dependency, inequalities (e.g., land use, amount of forest, and land area), and lack of technical capacities are key elements to be considered when developing a REDD+ strategy with colonist communities. We propose that halting deforestation without both considering local communities’ perceptions and giving effective alternatives could seriously undermine livelihoods.
► Much of the attention of REDD+ has focused on consequences for indigenous communities.
► We open the discussion on an important, overlooked sector, the colonist farmers.
► We evaluate the effect of remoteness and preferences on land use and deforestation in a frontier setting.
► We report colonists’ interests, doubts and perceptions of REDD+ and forest use.
► Colonists’ culture and technical knowledge are key components that need to be addressed by REDD+.
Journal: Land Use Policy - Volume 31, March 2013, Pages 516–525