کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
93133 160114 2013 9 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Lesson (un)learning in spatially targeted fiscal incentive policy: Enterprise Zones (England) and Empowerment Zones (United States)
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
(عدم) یادگیری درس در سیاست تشویق مالی هدفمند فضایی: مناطق شرکت (انگلستان) و توانمندسازی مناطق (ایالات متحده آمریکا)
کلمات کلیدی
مناطق سازمانی؛ مناطق توانمندسازی؛ مشوق های مالی؛ بازسازی؛ تجدید؛ درس یادگیری؛ سیاست شهری
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم کشاورزی و بیولوژیک جنگلداری
چکیده انگلیسی

There is a need to learn lessons when using spatially targeted fiscal experiments if intervention is to generate wider developmental benefit. This paper focuses on the Enterprise Zone concept in the UK (1981–2007) and an exported variant to the US, the Empowerment Zone programme (1993–2009). Lessons are drawn from these initiatives in order to inform the current wave of Enterprise Zones in England (2011 to current). Located in the context of regeneration and renewal efforts, our findings demonstrate that many potential historic and comparative lessons have not been learned. The morphing of State Enterprise Zones to become Empowerment Zones demonstrated the benefits of public pump priming rather than a simple deregulation of planning consents and taxes. This is in addition to the potential gains offered by promoting good governance and including the community in implementation, plus incorporating measures to address the consequences of structural economic decline such as unemployment and poverty within the policy remit. In the context of the return of Enterprise Zones in England, it is noted that the Coalition government led by David Cameron has not learned the potential benefits of an approach that looks beyond a narrow emphasis on growth.


► Focus on the Enterprise Zone concept in the UK (1981–2007) and the US the Empowerment Zone programme (1993–2009).
► Lessons are drawn from these initiatives in order to inform the current wave of Enterprise Zones in England (2011).
► Demonstrate that many potential historic and comparative lessons have not been learned.
► Empowerment Zones used the benefits of public pump priming rather than a simple deregulation of planning consents and taxes.
► Need to incorporate measures such as good governance and the community to address the consequences of structural economic decline.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Land Use Policy - Volume 33, July 2013, Pages 81–89
نویسندگان
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