|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|1284014||1497960||2014||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• Poly-A15C5 traps Mn ions dissolved from the LMO positive of a Li-ion battery (LIB).
• Poly-A15C5 prevents migration and deposition of Mn ions at the negative of a LIB.
• Poly-A15C5 improves capacity retention during high-T cycling of LMO–graphite cells.
• XANES: Mn in oxidation state near +3 on cycled negatives and separators, not +2.
Mn cation trapping by polymeric aza-15-crown-5 ethers is an effective means for mitigating the consequences of Mn dissolution in Li-ion batteries. Mn cations trapping was investigated in lithium manganese oxide (LMO) spinel–graphite (GR) cells containing 1 M LiPF6 in ethylene carbonate (EC):diethyl carbonate (DEC) 1:2 v/v. A commercial polyolefin separator membrane coated with poly[divinylbenzene-(vinylbenzyl-aza-15-crown-5)-vinylbenzylchloride)] effected a 39% reduction in capacity loss rate during cycling at 50 °C with 100% depth of discharge (DOD) at C/5 rate. Simultaneously, a 50–60% reduction in the Mn deposited at the negative electrode, and a 6× to 10× increase in the Mn on the coated separator were observed for cells with coated separators, over baseline cells with plain separators. X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES) yielded average oxidation states near +3 for Mn cations in graphite electrodes and separators from cycled cells, suggesting that Mn metal or in oxidation state +2 can only be minor fractions of the Mn existing outside the positive electrode. We discuss the implications of these results for choosing an optimal chelating agent. We also show that the cation chelating polymer reported here is compatible with existing manufacturing processes for Li-ion battery separators.
Journal: Journal of Power Sources - Volume 272, 25 December 2014, Pages 1134–1141