|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|1286292||1497951||2015||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• Aluminum acetylacetonate serves as a homogeneous foaming agent to produce pores in electrospun nanofibers.
• Integrate sublimation-based foaming with carbon nanofiber manufacturing process.
• Foamed mesopores effectively mitigate volume expansion & stress in Si lithiation.
• Porous C/Si composite anode showed higher capacity and better cycling stability.
A new porous composite nanofiber manufacturing route, combining electrospinning and foaming processes, was developed. In this process, aluminum acetylacetonate (AACA) was introduced as the foaming agent in nanofibers made of polyacrylonitrile (PAN)/silicon (Si) nanoparticles. PAN/Si composite nanofibers were first produced through an electrospinning process and mesopores were then generated by foaming nanofibers via AACA sublimation. After further carbonization, the obtained mesoporous carbon/silicon composite nanofiber mats were tested as the anode material for lithium ion batteries. Within this composite anode, mesopores provide needed buffering space to accommodate the large volume expansion and consequent stress induced inside silicon during lithiation. This effectively mitigates silicon pulverization issue and helps achieve higher reversible capacity and better capacity retention in later battery tests when compared with anodes made of nonporous composites nanofibers and carbon nanofibers alone.
A cost-effective manufacturing process for mesoporous carbon/Si composite nanofibers, a combination of electrospinning and sublimation-based foaming processes, is introduced. When used as the anode of LIBs, mesopores provide needed buffering space to accommodate the large volume expansion and consequent stress of silicon during lithiation to successfully achieve high reversible capacity and better capacity retention when compared with anodes made of nonporous counterparts.Figure optionsDownload as PowerPoint slide
Journal: Journal of Power Sources - Volume 281, 1 May 2015, Pages 285–292