کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
1440160 1509358 2016 11 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Selective synthesis of carbon-nanotubes/graphite or carbon-nanotubes/multi-graphene composites on 3-D nickel foam prepared with different nickel catalyst and pre-treatment
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
سنتز انتخابی از نانولوله های کربنی / گرافیت یا نانولوله های کربنی / کامپوزیت های چند گرافن در فوم نیکل 3-تهیه شده با کاتالیزور نیکل مختلف و پیش درمان
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موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی مواد بیومتریال
چکیده انگلیسی


• The CNTs/graphite or CNTs/M-graphene composite was deposited on 3-D NiF with different Ni catalysis and pre-treatment.
• The optimum oxidation and reduction temperatures were all the same at 700 °C.
• CNTs/M-graphene composite was deposited up synthesis temperatures of 550 °C.
• A smooth SiO2 thin film was used as a separation layer to deposit the Ni catalyst to grow the SWCNTs.

The research is to deposit carbon on porous 3-D nickel foam (NiF) as a gas diffusion electrode (GDE) by chemical vapor deposition (CVD). Effects of three different preparations of the nickel (Ni) catalyst and two pre-treatments of oxidation and reduction for carbon deposition were investigated. In the first method, the carbon was deposited on NiF with and without sputtering a Ni seed layer before the CVD. In the second method, the NiF was oxidized, then reduced by hydrogen into Ni particle as a catalyst and the carbon also was deposited by CVD. In the third method, a thin film of SiO2 was deposited on the NiF as a separation layer, then the Ni catalyst was deposited and finally, carbon was also deposited by CVD. The results exhibited large grain sizes of Ni catalyst cannot grow carbon nanotube (CNTs) during CVD. Pre-treatment of oxidation and the reduction reduce the grain size of the Ni catalyst, and an oxidation temperature equal or higher than the reduction temperature always makes it easy to grow CNTs. A smooth SiO2 thin film was used as a separation layer to deposit the Ni catalyst to grow the SWCNTs and a low area ratio of ID/IG for a non-crystallized sp3 graphite microstructure always creates a graphene microstructure. A suitable hydrogen gas could help the amount of growth of CNTs. Anyway, the specified Ni catalysis could promise strategy the selective synthesis of CNTs/graphite or CNTs/multi-graphene composites on NiF.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Synthetic Metals - Volume 219, September 2016, Pages 124–134
نویسندگان
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