|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|1642842||1517242||2015||4 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• Addition of smectite to the polylactide increases the degradation rate at 80 °C.
• 3–4× higher loss of molecular weight for PLA/clay confirms accelerated degradation.
• Clay filler influences the thermal properties and crystallinity of PLA matrix.
• Clay addition results in a shift of the glass transition and melting temperatures.
Although the degradation of polylactide has been relatively well understood, there is still a lack of reliable data on the behavior of its composites at specific temperatures. This paper studies the hydrolytic degradability of polylactide/not activated smectite clay nanocomposites in the 6 weeks accelerated degradation at 80 °C which has not been widely documented so far. The composites with 3 wt%, 5 wt% and 10 wt% of smectite filler content obtained by injection molding were investigated and compared to the neat polylactide matrix material. The results of degradation at 80 °C were referred to the hydrolytic degradation at 25 °C and 37 °C. Macroscopic changes in the nanocomposites, their molecular weight and pH of medium was monitored during the degradation time. The influence of clay addition on the crystallization, glass transition and the melting temperature was also studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The DSC results show that the presence of smectite clay results in a shift of the onset peak for the melting temperatures towards higher values while for the glass transition towards the lower ones. A significant difference in degradation rate between the polylactide matrix and the polylactide/clay nanocomposites was also noted. The shortened degradation time of the nanocomposites increases their potential for use in biomedical applications, but also in disposable thermoplastic products which are increasingly used.
Journal: Materials Letters - Volume 146, 1 May 2015, Pages 73–76