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We report the template assisted synthesis of europium sulfide (EuS) nanotubes. These structures were fabricated by thermolysis of a single source precursor that was infused into porous alumina membranes. TEM and STEM analysis confirmed the formation of EuS nanotubes, while X-ray diffraction and selected area electron diffraction analysis probed their crystallinity. Room temperature optical spectroscopy identified an energy-band blue-shift in the absorption spectra into the UV, compared to bulk EuS. Interestingly, no such shift was observed in the photoluminescence. We attribute these changes to quantum confinement effects on the photoexcited charge carriers within the nanotubes' walls and strain-induced lattice deformations.
Journal: Materials Letters - Volume 65, Issue 3, 15 February 2011, Pages 420–423