کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
1784490 1023262 2012 7 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
13CO2/12CO2 isotopic ratio measurements with a continuous-wave quantum cascade laser in exhaled breath
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موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه فیزیک و نجوم فیزیک اتمی و مولکولی و اپتیک
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
13CO2/12CO2 isotopic ratio measurements with a continuous-wave quantum cascade laser in exhaled breath
چکیده انگلیسی

A laser spectrometer based on a continuous-wave thermoelectrically-cooled distributed feedback quantum cascade laser at ∼2308 cm−1 has been evaluated for measurement of 13CO2/12CO2 isotopic ratio (δ13C) changes in exhaled breath samples and in CO2 gas flows in the concentration range 1–5%. Mid-infrared CO2 absorption spectra were measured in a 54.2-cm long optical cell using balanced detection whereby the beam passing through the cell was ratioed against a reference beam split-off from the main beam before the cell. Signal-to-noise ratios (SNR) were estimated for CO2 concentration measurements determined from either absorption peak amplitude or absorption peak area. The highest SNR were achieved in the measurements based upon a fitted absorption peak area. Typical short-term δ13C precisions of 1.10/00 (1-s integration time) and 0.50/00 (8–12-s integration time) were estimated from the two-sample (Allan) variance plots of data recorded in the optical cell at a pressure of 20 Torr and with no active temperature stabilization of the cell and gas flow. The best precision of 0.120/00 was achieved for averaging 80 successive 1-s integration time measurements.


► A cw 4.33 μm quantum cascade laser was used for 13CO2/12CO2 measurements in breath.
► Best CO2 precision was achieved for measurements from absorption peak area.
► No temperature stabilization of an optical cell and gas flow was required.
► δ13C precision of 1.10/00 was observed for a 1-s integration time.
► δ13C precision of 0.50/00 was estimated for 8–10 averages of 1-s data points.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Infrared Physics & Technology - Volume 55, Issue 1, January 2012, Pages 60–66
نویسندگان
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