|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|2028506||1542732||2011||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
BackgroundCongenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) caused by 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21OHD) is an autosomal recessive disorder due to mutation in the CYP21A2 gene.ObjectiveTo elucidate the genetic basis of 21-hydroxylase-deficient CAH in Hong Kong Chinese patients.Patients and methodsMutational analysis of the CYP21A2 gene was performed on 35 Hong Kong Chinese patients with 21OHD using direct DNA sequencing and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA).ResultsThe genetic findings of 21 male and 14 female patients are the following: c.293-13A/C>G (intron 2 splice site; 20 alleles), p.I172N (13), p.R356W (7), p.Q318X (4). A total of 20 mutant alleles contained gross deletion/conversion of all or part of the CYP21A2 gene. A novel mutation, c.1367delA (p.D456fs), was detected in one patient. One patient had only a heterozygous mutation detected. Out of 35 patients, 16 would have been incorrectly genotyped if either DNA sequencing or MLPA alone was used for molecular analysis.ConclusionsThe frequency of various mutations in the studied patients differs from those reported in other Asian populations. Gross deletion/conversion accounts for nearly one-third of the genetic defects. Therefore, laboratories must include methods for detecting point mutations as well as gross deletions/conversions to avoid misinterpretation of genotype. Genotyping has increasingly been proven to be a useful tool for supplementing, if not replacing, hormonal profiling for the diagnosis of 21OHD.
► The frequency of CYP21A2 mutations in Hong Kong Chinese differs from other Asian populations.
► Testing for gross deletion is mandatory to avoid misinterpreting CAH genotype.
► Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification is a promising tool to study gross deletion.
► Rapid molecular confirmation of CAH greatly assists clinical management and family counseling.
Journal: Steroids - Volume 76, Issues 10–11, September–October 2011, Pages 1057–1062