|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|230879||1427403||2013||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
Phthalic anhydride, benzoic acid and maleic acid were selectively removed from solid petrochemical wastes (called molten phthalic anhydride) using supercritical carbon dioxide extraction technique. A central composite design was used to optimize the effective extraction variables for the semicontinuous extraction of phthalic anhydride, benzoic acid and maleic acid from their mixture with benzoic acid, maleic acid, phthalic anhydride, aldehydes, phthaldehyde, toluic acid, and some minor impurities. Variables such as temperature (35–95 °C), pressure (100–300 bar), static time (0–20 min), dynamic time (10–90 min), and flow rate (0.2–1 mL/min) were used. The chemical composition of extracted samples was analyzed by a gas chromatograph-flame ionization detector column. The results indicate that supercritical fluid extraction is a viable technique for extraction from solid waste.
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► Solid molten phthalic anhydride waste produced in the Petrochemical Co. of Iran.
► Supercritical CO2 extraction of PA, BA and MA from MPA.
► GC-FID analysis in conjunction with CCD to evaluate the effects of variables was applied.
► Variables such as T (°C), P (bar), ts (min), td (min), and f (mL/min) were used.
► The results indicated that supercritical fluid extraction is a viable technique for extraction.
Journal: The Journal of Supercritical Fluids - Volume 74, February 2013, Pages 46–51