کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
2416825 1104299 2012 7 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Mating rate influences female reproductive investment in a simultaneous hermaphrodite, Lymnaea stagnalis
دانلود مقاله + سفارش ترجمه
دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی
رایگان برای ایرانیان
سفارش ترجمه تخصصی
با تضمین قیمت و کیفیت
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم کشاورزی و بیولوژیک علوم دامی و جانورشناسی
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Mating rate influences female reproductive investment in a simultaneous hermaphrodite, Lymnaea stagnalis
چکیده انگلیسی

Multiple mating often imposes direct fitness costs on females but can provide indirect benefits such as enhanced genetic diversity and offspring quality. The costs and benefits of multiple mating have been investigated extensively in separate-sex species but less so in simultaneous hermaphrodites, despite being highly relevant given their flexible resource allocation and ability to compensate for costs experienced in one sexual role by gains in the opposite role. At high mating rates, the promiscuous hermaphroditic pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis experiences depressed female fecundity mediated by seminal fluid compounds. By experimentally manipulating mating opportunities, we tested for effects on female reproductive investment over 10 weeks. As expected, continuous access to mating partners resulted in decreased female investment, in terms of both total number of eggs (fecundity) and egg mass dry weight. Total investment in offspring increased over time for all treatments but was significantly less pronounced in treatments with continuous access to partners, and this was irrespective of partner identity. Investment per offspring was positively correlated with higher mating rates across treatments. Thus, multiple mating resulted in higher investment in egg masses at low than at higher mating rates. In contrast, at higher mating rates the investment per egg was higher. We conclude that, in L. stagnalis, mating multiply can severely impact female reproductive success and, although we cannot entirely exclude reallocation of resources to the male function from this study, we argue that this is probably the result of sexual conflict caused by previously identified seminal fluid components.


► Testing the effect of mating rate on egg laying in a promiscuous hermaphrodite.
► Extensive experimental manipulation of mating opportunities.
► Low mating rates resulted in higher investment in egg masses.
► In contrast, higher mating rates resulted in higher investment per egg.
► We suggest that these changes are most likely caused by seminal fluid components.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Animal Behaviour - Volume 84, Issue 3, September 2012, Pages 523–529
نویسندگان
, , , ,
دانلود مقاله + سفارش ترجمه
دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی
رایگان برای ایرانیان
سفارش ترجمه تخصصی
با تضمین قیمت و کیفیت