کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
2469795 1555653 2016 5 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
The prevalence, abundance and distribution of cyathostomins (small stongyles) in horses from Western Romania
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
شيوع، فراواني و توزيع ساياتوستومين ها در اسب ها از روماني غربی
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کلمات کلیدی
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم کشاورزی و بیولوژیک علوم دامی و جانورشناسی
چکیده انگلیسی


• A survey of cyathostomins was carried out in working horses from Romania, from where the data of horse small strongyle infections was scanty.
• Twenty four species were identified.
• Most species showed high organ preference with a niche breadth value between 1 and 1.96, while only 7 species showed a more generalist selection.
• The niche breadth of some species was positively or negatively influenced by the summed intensity of the other species.
• The cluster analysis of the Cyathostomin community showed a major cluster composed by the three dominant species, followed by a cluster composed by Coronocyclus coronatus, while all the other species presented a tree like structure.

Forty seven working horses from Romania were post-mortem examined for small strongyles (Cyathostominae) infections. All horses were found infected. The overall cyathostomins intensity ranged from 390 to 13,010 and horses were infected by 8–24 species. The intensity was higher in ventral colon (1531) and dorsal colon (824), the lowest in the caecum (524). Twenty four species were identified. Cyathostomum catinatum, Cylicocyclus insigne, and C. Nassatus had 100% of prevalence. Over 50% of horses were infected by Coronocyclus coronatus, Cylicostephanus calicatus, C. goldi, and C. longibursatus. Other prevalent species (34%–45%) were Cyathostomum tetracanthum, Cylicostephanus minutus and Gyalocephalus capitatus. Coronocyclus labiatus, Parapoteriostomum mettami, Poteriostomum imparidentatum and P. ratzii had the lowest prevalence. Most species showed high organ preference with a niche breadth value between 1 and 1.96 while only 7 species (Coronocyclus labiatus, Cyathostomum tetracanthum, C. brevicapsulatus, Cylicocyclus elongatus, C. insigne, C. leptostomum and C. radiatus) showed a more generalist selection. The niche breadth of 10 species was significantly (p < 0.05) influenced by itself intensity (Coronocyclus labratus, Cyathostomum pateratum, C. tetracanthum, Cylicocyclus elongatus, C. radiatus, C. ultrajectinus, C. leptostomum, Cylicodontophorus euproctus, Poteriostomum imparidentatum, P. ratzii). The niche breadth of Cylicocyclus nassatus was positively (p < 0.05) influenced by the summed intensity of the other species while that of Cylicocyclus elongatus was negatively (p < 0.05) influenced by the intensity of the other species. The cluster analysis of the Cyathostominae community composition showed a major cluster composed by the three dominant species, followed by a cluster composed by Coronocyclus coronatus, while all the other species presented a tree like structure.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Veterinary Parasitology - Volume 223, 15 June 2016, Pages 205–209
نویسندگان
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