کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
2469797 1555653 2016 4 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Efficacy and productive performance of moxidectin in feedlot calves infected with nematodes resistant to ivermectin
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
اثربخشی و عملکرد سازنده مکسیدکتین در گوساله های پرواری آلوده به نماتدهای مقاوم به منورکتین
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کلمات کلیدی
گاو؛ لاکتون ماکروسایکلیک؛ Haemonchus؛ Cooperia؛ میانگین افزایش وزن
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم کشاورزی و بیولوژیک علوم دامی و جانورشناسی
چکیده انگلیسی


• Moxidectin showed a better egg count reduction (85%) compared to ivermectin (28%).
• An improved weight gain was seen in calves treated with moxidectin vs. ivermectin.
• It represented 160 g/day more during the first 47 days of fattening.

Anthelmintic resistance (AR) of gastrointestinal nematodes to macrocyclic lactones is an increasingly common worldwide phenomenon limiting cattle production. This has motivated the search for alternatives, such as new active compounds, added drug synergisms, different doses, and alternate administration routes. The aim of this study was the assessment of moxidectin (MXD) performance in feedlot calves with a history of AR to ivermectin (IVM). Crossbred female calves aged 6–7 months and weighing 163 kg (SD = 34 kg) were divided into 3 groups of 35 animals each. They were assigned to the following antiparasitic treatment groups: IVM group (0.2 mg/kg IVM); MXD group (0.2 mg/kg MXD), and ricobendazole + levamisole (RBZ + LEV) group (7.5 mg/kg RBZ + 8 mg/kg LEV). On days 0, 26, and 47, fecal samples were taken and the weight of each animal was registered. Anthelmintic efficacy (by fecal egg count reduction), total weight gain (TWG) and average daily weight gain (AWG) were compared between the groups. A mixed SAS procedure was used for statistical analysis. Fecal egg count reduction 26 days post-treatment (PT) was calculated at 28% for the IVM group, 85% for the MXD group, and 99% for the RBZ + LEV group. AWGs (Standard Error) of 1.095 g (56), 1.264 g (49), and 1.340 g (52) were registered for the IVM, MXD, and RBZ + LEV groups, respectively (p < 0.05). Coprocultures revealed that MXD more effectively reduced Haemonchus spp. and Cooperia spp. egg counts than IVM. This resulted in higher AWGs and TWGs for this group; similar results were seen for the RBZ + LEV group as well. In this study, animals treated with MXD gained about 160 more g/day than animals treated with IVM. This represents a gain of 16 USD per animal over the 47 day trial.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Veterinary Parasitology - Volume 223, 15 June 2016, Pages 26–29
نویسندگان
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