|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|2652700||1563965||2015||12 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
ObjectiveTo assess the effects of mindfulness-based therapies (MBTs) on the outcomes of people living with HIV.MethodsDuring 2014, we searched the PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and CBM databases to identify randomized and non-randomized controlled studies which compared participants receiving mindfulness-based therapies (MBTs), including mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT), with participants in control groups. The psychological, biochemical, clinical, and behavioral outcomes of the study participants were analyzed. Two separate reviewers independently performed the study selection, data extraction, and quality assessment tasks, and a meta-analysis of selected studies was performed using RevMan software.ResultsSeven articles describing results obtained with a total of 620 HIV-infected individuals enrolled in six randomized trials and one quasi-experimental trial were included in the final meta-analysis. The overall methodological quality of the studies was moderate, as most study criteria were unclear and subject to a high risk of bias. Patients receiving MBT experienced significantly decreased feelings of stress after 8 weeks (p = 0.03) of MBT, and decreased feelings of depression after both 8 weeks (p = 0.04) and 6 months (p = 0.02). Additionally, some patients receiving MBSR training or MBCT showed improved CD4+ counts at 8 weeks and 6 months, respectively.ConclusionWhile MBT produced psychological benefits in HIV infected patients, any improvements in CD4+ counts were not robust. Additional studies with longer term follow-up periods and larger sample sizes are required to ascertain the effectiveness of such interventions.
Journal: International Journal of Nursing Sciences - Volume 2, Issue 3, September 2015, Pages 283–294