|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|2664109||1140623||2016||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
• Breastfeeding was viewed as more effort than formula feeding in daily practice.
• Breastfeeding evoked emotions of anxiety, embarrassment, and frustration in NICU nurses.
• Nurses with breastfeeding training were more committed to breastfeeding promotion.
• Mandatory breastfeeding training should address emotional and educational needs of nurses.
Purpose:The purpose is to examine the infant feeding beliefs and day-to-day feeding practices of NICU nurses with the goal of identifying ways to improve breastfeeding promotion.Design and MethodsAn ethnographic approach incorporated 14 months of participant observation and interviewing. General informants consisted of 114 purposively selected NICU nurses from a northeastern, level-IV NICU, pediatric hospital. From this group, 18 nurses served as key informants. There was an average of 13 interactions with each key informant and 3.5 with each general informant. Audio taped interviews and observational field notes were gathered for descriptions of beliefs and practices. Data were coded and analyzed for patterns and themes with the aid of NUD*IST.Results1. The nurses identified health benefits of breastfeeding, but spoke in greater detail and with more emotion about day-to-day challenges of breastfeeding in the NICU. 2. Formula feeding evoked less emotion and most nurses viewed it as safe and convenient. 3. Despite infant feeding challenges in the NICU, nurses who had breastfeeding continuing education and/or some positive experiences with breastfeeding: identified evidence based breastfeeding benefits for mothers and babies; emphasized the health-based differences between breast milk and formula; and were more committed to working through difficulties with breastfeeding.ConclusionsBreastfeeding promotion interventions should include every NICU nurse and incorporate both evidence-based and affective components to overcome day-to-day feeding practice challenges.Practice ImplicationsBreastfeeding promotion interventions must address conflicting and emotionally evocative infant feeding beliefs of NICU nurses. Effective interventions must be integrated within the realities of bedside feeding practices.
Journal: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - Volume 31, Issue 2, March–April 2016, Pages e91–e98