|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|2665591||1140705||2016||7 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
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• HIV/AIDS peer education program was effective in increasing HIV/AIDS knowledge among both 7th and 9th grade students.
• Mean HIV/AIDS knowledge scores were similar in both 7th and 9th grade students at baseline.
• Post-HIV/AIDS knowledge mean scores increased significantly from baseline for both 7th and 9th graders.
• Seventh graders had significantly higher post-HIV/knowledge scores than 9th graders.
• HIV/AIDS knowledge was associated with self-efficacy for limiting sexual risk behavior.
The purpose of this study was to explore HIV/AIDS knowledge, self-efficacy for sexual risk behaviors, and parental monitoring in a sample of 140 7th and 9th grade adolescents studying in an urban high school in the United States. Further, the study examined differences in HIV/AIDS knowledge, self-efficacy and parental monitoring by grade and gender. This study also investigated the effectiveness of an HIV/AIDS peer education program, Teens for AIDS Prevention (TAP), on improving adolescents' HIV/AIDS knowledge. A quasi-experimental design was used to examine effects of the peer education program (TAP) on adolescents' HIV/AIDS knowledge. Pearson-product–moment correlation coefficients were calculated to examine the relationships among the variables. Independent t-tests were used to compare adolescents' HIV/AIDS knowledge, self-efficacy, and parental monitoring scores by grade and gender. Paired t-tests were used to determine differences in pre-intervention and post-intervention HIV/AIDS knowledge. The results showed that HIV/AIDS knowledge improved significantly in both 7th and 9th grade students after the intervention. HIV/AIDS knowledge was associated with self-efficacy; however it was not associated with parental monitoring. There were no significant differences in HIV/AIDS knowledge and self-efficacy by gender. However, there was a significant difference in parental monitoring by gender. Pediatric nurses are well-positioned to develop and implement evidence-based programs for adolescents. It is essential that pediatric nurses, in conjunction with other professionals and parent groups, take the initiative in implementing peer education programs in schools and community centers to promote healthy behaviors among adolescents.
Journal: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - Volume 31, Issue 1, January–February 2016, Pages e63–e69