|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|269674||504692||2016||12 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• Validation of a numerical model against six fire tests of cast iron columns.
• Simulation of thermal and mechanical behavior of cast iron columns.
• Investigation of the effect of several design parameters.
• Estimation of the governing parameters and elevated temperature behavior.
• EC3–1–2 is proposed as accurate assessment design method.
Cast iron columns were used in many 19th century structures. Many such structures are still in use today and it is important that they fulfill the current requirements on fire resistance. This paper presents the results of a comprehensive study of the behavior and fire resistance of cast iron columns based on extensive numerical simulations using ABAQUS. The ABAQUS simulation model was validated against six fire tests performed in the USA in 1917. The validated model was then used to investigate the effects of several parameters (column slenderness, load factor, load eccentricity, imperfections of column and cross section, axial restraint) on the behaviour of cast iron columns in fire. The parametric study results indicate that the fire resistance is governed by the applied load and these columns are sensitive to load eccentricity. Based on a comparison between the numerical simulation results and predictions of the EN 1993-1-2 method which is for modern steel structures, it has been found that the EN 1993-1-2 method can give safe and reasonably accurate estimate of the strength and fire resistance of cast iron columns.
Journal: Fire Safety Journal - Volume 82, May 2016, Pages 37–48