|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|271499||504996||2017||5 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• We studied effect of impurities on activated materials disposal, clearance and recycling.
• We revealed that only cryostat and bioshield are clearable among fusion power core components of advanced fusion power reactor.
• Among magnet constituents only the Cu stabilizer could be cleared shortly after plant shutdown.
• Recycling is the only viable option to avoid disposing the activated PFC materials and to minimize the radioactive waste volume assigned for underground repositories.
• Production of 14C may cause problems for radioactive waste management.
Within the framework of the International Energy Agency Program on Environmental, Safety and Economic Aspects of Fusion Power, an international collaborative study on management of fusion radioactive materials has been carried out to examine the back-end of the materials cycle. The strategy for handling fusion activated materials calls for three potential schemes: clearance, recycling and disposal. There is a growing international effort to avoid the underground disposal, for fusion in particular. Plasma facing components (divertor and blanket) normally contain high radioactivity and are not clearable. As clearance of sizeable components (such as biological shield, cryostat, vacuum vessel, and some constituents of magnets) is highly desirable, we identified the source of radioisotopes that hinder the clearance of these components and investigated the impact of impurity control. Another study assessed radioactivity build-up under repeated use of the divertor made of W–La2O3 alloy. Effect of impurities on activated materials management is illustrated by the examples of carbon-14 generation and impurities activation in concrete of biological shield. We think that consideration of activated materials management scenarios presented in this paper by example of blanket and divertor replacement is of interest as well.
Journal: Fusion Engineering and Design - Volume 89, Issues 9–10, October 2014, Pages 2013–2017