|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|277266||1430211||2016||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• Interior elasticity solution for a 2D plane beam is derived.
• Kinematic central axis variables are formed from the 2D displacement field.
• The 2D solution is presented as a 1D beam theory using the central axis variables.
• Stresses do work on the lateral surfaces of the interior beam.
• Exact 1D rod and beam finite elements are developed from the 2D solution.
In this paper, an elasticity solution for a two-dimensional (2D) plane beam is derived and it is shown that the solution provides a complete framework for exact one-dimensional (1D) presentations of plane beams. First, an interior solution representing a general state of any 2D linearly elastic isotropic plane beam under a uniform distributed load is obtained by employing a stress function approach. The solution excludes the end effects of the beam and is valid sufficiently far away from the beam boundaries. Then, three kinematic variables defined at the central axis of the plane beam are formed from the 2D displacement field. Using these central axis variables, the 2D interior elasticity solution is presented in a novel manner in the form of a 1D beam theory. By applying the Clapeyron’s theorem, it is shown that the stresses acting as surface tractions on the lateral end surfaces of the interior beam need to be taken into account in all energy-based considerations related to the interior beam. Finally, exact 1D rod and beam finite elements are developed by the aid of the axis variables from the 2D solution.
Journal: International Journal of Solids and Structures - Volumes 78–79, 1 January 2016, Pages 125–130