|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|295983||511696||2016||13 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• Condensation induced water hammer phenomenon is analysed with RELAP5/Mod 3.4.
• Effect of various inlet conditions on the occurrence of CIWH are investigated.
• Pressure peak amplitude and location has strong dependency on water subcooling.
• Superheated steam does not have significant impact on pressure amplitude.
• Presence of dry saturated steam is the necessary condition for CIWH.
Direct contact condensation (DCC) is almost an inevitable phenomenon during accidental condition for all LWRs. Rapid condensation caused by the direct contact of steam and subcooled water can lead to condensation induced water hammer (CIWH). The present work explores the underlying physics of CIWH phenomenon in a horizontal pipe under different inlet conditions such as inlet water temperature, pressure difference between steam and water section, steam superheating, steam quality and duration of valve opening using RELAP5/Mod 3.4. This work emphasises on the prediction of pressure peak magnitude in conjunction with its location of occurrence under different parametric conditions. The stratified to slug flow transition is presented in terms of the ‘flow regime map’ which is identified as the primary cause for pressure wave generation. The strongest pressure wave amplitude due to CIWH is found to be 116.6 bar for ΔP = 10 bar. Observation reveals that peak pressure location shifts towards the subcooled water injection point for higher inlet water temperature. For the lowest inlet water temperature (Tin = 20 °C), the peak pressure is found at a distance of 47.5 cm away from the water inlet whereas, for the high water temperature (Tin = 120 °C), peak pressure is observed at 6.25 cm away from the injection point. It is also observed that the duration of valve opening significantly affects the location of peak pressure occurrence. This study also reveals that the presence of superheated or wet steam could possibly avoid the occurrence of CIWH.
Journal: Nuclear Engineering and Design - Volume 304, 1 August 2016, Pages 50–62