کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی نسخه تمام متن
300325 512479 2013 7 صفحه PDF دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Renewable vs. traditional energy management solutions – A Finnish hospital facility case
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی انرژی انرژی های تجدید پذیر، توسعه پایدار و محیط زیست
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Renewable vs. traditional energy management solutions – A Finnish hospital facility case
چکیده انگلیسی

This article discusses the current price situation in the Finnish energy market. The aim of the study was to calculate the life-cycle costs (LCC) of 12 energy management systems and compare the prices. Surprisingly, the most polluting and commonly used solution, combination of district heating and grid electricity, was also the most expensive solution. The main reason for this is the increase in energy prices in Finland in the twenty-first century. According to the calculations, when considering a facility the size of the Espoo Hospital, the most affordable solutions were biogas energy, wood chip heating and ground source heating. The differences were relatively small between all solutions other than biogas. Biogas energy is by far the most affordable solution. However, it is only suitable for large-scale projects and some uncertainty risk has to be added because the system is not yet commonly used. Regarding the other unorthodox systems, solar electricity was the most expensive method; similar to the situation with snow storage cooling, which needs to entail certain societal benefits for it to be cost-effective. A sensitivity analysis was also conducted using four variations; however, significant differences to the original calculations were not discovered.


► Renewable energy sources won the price comparison against traditional combination of district heating and grid electricity.
► Solar electricity was the only renewable solution which was clearly not competitive to the traditional solution.
► Organic municipality waste biogas energy was the best solution in terms of cost and emissions in the scale of Espoo Hospital.
► Wood heating and snow storage cooling should be  utilised more in Nordic countries due to access to raw material.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Renewable Energy - Volume 57, September 2013, Pages 539–545
نویسندگان
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