|نسخه تمام متن
|12 صفحه PDF
• Reward learning is impaired in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
• FRN amplitudes are enhanced in ADHD patients relative to controls.
• These findings are independent of feedback valence.
• This pattern of impairments occurs during both active and observational learning.
• The findings might suggest impaired reward prediction in patients with ADHD.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is hypothesized to be characterized by altered reinforcement sensitivity. The main aim of the present study was to assess alterations in the electrophysiological correlates of monetary reward processing in adult patients with ADHD of the combined subtype. Fourteen adults with ADHD of the combined subtype and 14 healthy control participants performed an active and an observational probabilistic reward-based learning task while an electroencephalogramm (EEG) was recorded. Regardless of feedback valence, there was a general feedback-related negativity (FRN) enhancement in combination with reduced learning performance during both active and observational reward learning in patients with ADHD relative to healthy controls. Other feedback-locked potentials such as the P200 and P300 and response-locked potentials were unaltered in the patients. There were no significant correlations between learning performance, FRN amplitudes and clinical symptoms, neither in the overall group involving all participants, nor in patients or controls considered separately. This pattern of findings might reflect generally impaired reward prediction in adults with ADHD of the combined subtype. We demonstrated for the first time that patients with ADHD of the combined subtype show not only deficient active reward learning but are also impaired when learning by observing other people׳s outcomes.
Journal: Psychiatry Research - Volume 225, Issues 1–2, 30 January 2015, Pages 133–144