|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|352981||618762||2015||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
ObjectiveTo implement and evaluate an active-learning laboratory activity designed to teach second-year pharmacy students about the appropriate use of various respiratory devices including proper inhalation technique, device maintenance, and counseling points.MethodsThe laboratory session was divided into four small-group teaching stations: (1) nebulizers, (2) chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbation case and HandiHaler®, (3) dry powder inhalers, and (4) metered dose inhalers and spacers. Students completed a pre-assessment and a post-assessment to measure changes in their respiratory device knowledge and confidence. McNemar’s test and a paired t-test were used to determine statistical significance.ResultsBoth the pre- and the post-assessments were completed by 131 of the 133 students enrolled (98.5%). The average score on pre-assessment knowledge-based questions was 52.7% (range: 10–90%). The post-assessment average score improved to 86.6% (range: 30–100%). Student’s confidence improved in all of the four areas. All knowledge and confidence improvements were statistically significant (p < 0.05).ConclusionAn active-learning approach facilitated students’ gain in knowledge, confidence, and experience with the various devices used to deliver respiratory medications.
Journal: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning - Volume 7, Issue 4, July–August 2015, Pages 434–442