|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|365523||621199||2014||16 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• We examine the effects of illustrations on metacomprehension accuracy.
• Conceptual images do not result in more accurate metacomprehension.
• Decorative images harm metacomprehension accuracy.
• Self-explanation increases metacomprehension accuracy in the conceptual condition.
• Self-explaining helps when students base judgments on comprehension-relevant cues.
The present research examined the effect of illustrations on readers' metacomprehension accuracy for expository science text. In two experiments, students read non-illustrated texts, or the same texts illustrated with either conceptual or decorative images; were asked to judge how well they understood each text; and then took tests for each topic. Metacomprehension accuracy was computed as the intra-individual correlation between judgments and inference test performance. Results from both studies showed that the presence of decorative images can lead to poor metacomprehension accuracy. In the second study, an analysis of the cues that students reported using to make their judgments revealed that students who used comprehension-relevant cues showed more accurate metacomprehension. A self-explanation instruction did not alter either comprehension-relevant cue use or metacomprehension accuracy, although some advantages were seen when readers were prompted to self-explain from texts illustrated with conceptual images. These results suggest that students may need more explicit instruction or support to promote the use of valid cues when engaging in comprehension monitoring with illustrated text, and that seductive information such as decorative images may undermine comprehension monitoring.
Journal: Learning and Instruction - Volume 34, December 2014, Pages 58–73