|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|366136||621351||2014||17 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• Some students construct scientific explanations during writing.
• Texts initially describe events in concrete, dynamic terms.
• Gradually, nominalization is used to compact events and propositions.
• Compaction allows complex semantic elements to be topicalized for theorization.
• Student texts construe experience instantially rather than systemically.
Writing to learn has become an important practice in science education. How is scientific knowledge constructed during writing? To investigate this question, we examined the process through which four university students constructed written explanations of either projectile motion or buoyancy. The analysis, informed by systemic functional linguistics, focused on the mapping of semantic elements to grammatical choices, and the way in which this mapping unfolded throughout the course of each text. The texts began largely congruently; grammar mapped closely to experience. Gradually, each text shifted towards greater use of grammatical metaphor. Nominalization allowed propositions and sequences of events to serve as participants in complex causal and epistemic relationships. Students’ texts showed several properties of professional scientific texts: transcategorization, compaction, and logicality; however, professional science texts instantiate these properties synoptically and systemically, whereas student texts exemplify them dynamically and instantially.
Journal: Linguistics and Education - Volume 26, June 2014, Pages 1–17