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• This study examined multiple dimensional correlates of suicidality among adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
• A high proportion (12.2%) of adolescents with ADHD had suicidal ideation or a suicide attempt.
• Several individual (older age), peer (being bullying perpetrators), and psychopathological (high depression level) factors were significantly associated with suicidal intent in adolescents with ADHD.
The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence rates of suicidal intent and its correlates among adolescents diagnosed with ADHD in Taiwan. A total of 287 adolescents aged 11–18 years and diagnosed with ADHD participated in this study. Their suicidal ideation and suicide attempts were assessed. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the associations of suicide with individual, family, peer, ADHD, and psychopathology factors. A total of 12.2% of the participants reported suicidal ideation or a suicide attempt. A logistic regression analysis model showed that adolescents who were older, were bullying perpetrators, and reported high depression level were more likely to have suicidal intent. These three factors were also significantly correlated with suicidal ideation; however, only having high depression level was significantly correlated with suicidal attempts. The results of this study showed that a high proportion of adolescents with ADHD reported suicidal ideation or a suicide attempt. Multiple factors were significantly associated with suicidal intent among adolescents with ADHD. Clinicians, educational professionals, and parents of adolescents with ADHD should monitor the possibility of suicide in adolescents with ADHD who exhibit the correlates of suicidal intent identified in this study.
Journal: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Volumes 53–54, June–July 2016, Pages 86–94