|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|371162||621900||2015||7 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• Boys with ADHD, relative to typically developing boys, exhibited significantly more objectively measured motor activity.
• Both groups exhibited the greatest motor activity during working memory conditions, followed by reaction time and control conditions, respectively.
• Overall, large-magnitude activity increases were associated with working memory demands.
• Non-executive demands contributed to increased motor activity in children.
Motor activity of boys (age 8–12 years) with (n = 19) and without (n = 18) ADHD was objectively measured with actigraphy across experimental conditions that varied with regard to demands on executive functions. Activity exhibited during two n-back (1-back, 2-back) working memory tasks was compared to activity during a choice-reaction time (CRT) task that placed relatively fewer demands on executive processes and during a simple reaction time (SRT) task that required mostly automatic processing with minimal executive demands. Results indicated that children in the ADHD group exhibited greater activity compared to children in the non-ADHD group. Further, both groups exhibited the greatest activity during conditions with high working memory demands, followed by the reaction time and control task conditions, respectively. The findings indicate that large-magnitude increases in motor activity are predominantly associated with increased demands on working memory, though demands on non-executive processes are sufficient to elicit small to moderate increases in motor activity as well.
Journal: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Volumes 45–46, October–November 2015, Pages 103–109